Social Media are interactive computer mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information,ideas,career interest,and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks. Users typically access social media services via web-based technologies on desktops and laptops,or download services that offer social media functionality to their mobile devices (e.g., smartphones and tablets). Social media changes the way individuals and large organizations communicate. These changes are the focus of the emerging fields of techno self studies. In the United States ,a 2015 survey reported that 71% of teenagers have a Facebook account. Over 60% of 13 to 17 years old have at least one profile on social media ,with many spending more than two hours per day on social networking sites. According to Nielsen,internet users continue to spend more time on social media sites than on any other type of site. At the same time, the total time spent on social media sites in the U.S. across PCs as well as on mobile devices increased by 99% to 121 billion minutes in July 2012, compared to 66 billion minutes in July 2011.
The Social Media and Calamity
Nowadays, Social Media is one of the popular use in order connect globally towards the people around the world. A computer due to high technology of which to facilitate an updates of the word. To inform essential quality of details. Social Media is very important in collaboration and in communicating other people around the globe. It helped families, social workers and government in discerning information’s during calamities. Social media played a huge role in disaster response during calamities. Trough social media every family can easily communicate their relatives from other places especially during calamities. While in social workers it can be a tool o educate the information during calamities. Our government most especially can spread or disseminate information through the use of social media.
The social media have become one of the dominant cultural phenomena in this digital age. It enables us to communicate anywhere in this world and to anyone who shares interest and activities across political, social, economic and geographical bodies. And even in calamities, the rise of social media plays a key role in sharing information about the disasters.
Social Media has provides valuable information to those in a disaster area during calamity. Some sites played an important part in helping to connect displaced families. It also drives awareness to those outside areas, Social workers to generate volunteers and donors. And even to government, some government agencies listen: they harvest the chatter, sifting for relevant mentions that might help them to better respond to crisis and emergencies. The rise of social media as a fast and effective means of information sharing has changed the way individuals and organizations communicate, and we can’t change the fact that social media are becoming part of our live.
Are you familiar with Twitter, Tumbler, and Facebook ? I know most of you have one.Social media is very important in collaboration and in communicating other people around the globe. It helped families, social workers, and government in discerning info during calamities. Through social media every family can easily communicate their relatives from other places especially those outside the country. While in social workers it can be a tool to educate them info’s during calamities. Our government most especially can spread or disseminate information through the use of social media.
It is very obvious that social media is a big help. Do you remember the super typhoon Yolanda that hit the Tacloban, Samar, and Leyte? By using social media are able to informed other countries that we are suffering hunger, and destruction of facilities brought by Yolanda . In connection with, the countries who are members of ASEAN, APEC, and European Union helped us in terms of financial survival. While the families of Filipinos who are living abroad used social media to communicate their love one’s , if they are okay. Social media is a gift of modern time that is a big help if it is properly use.
In recent years, the world has been hit with a series of big natural disasters, from Hurricane Katrina in USA, earthquakes in Haiti and Asia, the tsunami in Indonesia, the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, extremely cold winter in Europe. With the increase of natural disasters that have occurred in the past years it is expected their frequency will continue to increase in the coming years. A natural disaster is the effect of a natural hazard (e.g., flood, tornado, hurricane, volcanic eruption, earthquake, heatwave or landslide) .
It leads to financial, environmental or human losses. Natural disasters come without warning and they take lives of tens, hundreds and thousands of people. The resulting loss depends on the vulnerability of the affected population to resist the hazard, also called their resilience. If these disasters continue it would be a great danger for the earth. This understanding is concentrated in the formulation that disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability. Thus a natural hazard will not result in a natural disaster in areas without vulnerability, e.g. strong earthquakes in uninhabited areas. The term natural has consequently been disputed because the events simply are not hazards or disasters without human involvement.
Due to natural disasters there is an increased communication since people seek to contact family and friends in the disasters zone, and seek information regarding food, shelter and transportation. Social media has played a significant role in disseminating information about these disasters by allowing people to share information and ask for help. Social media are also becoming vital to recovery efforts after crises, when infrastructure must be rebuilt and stress management is critical.
The extensive reach of social networks allows people who are recovering from disasters to rapidly connect with needed resources. There are all lot of groups in the most popular social networking sites, allowing individuals involved in various aspects of emergency awareness and preparedness to connect, discuss, and share knowledge in specific fields. The aim of the paper is to analyze the possibilities for the use of social media in the management of natural disasters and to propose basic guidelines for organizing communications and data exchange between the participants in such events.
Social media has re-defined communication in today’s modern world. Text messaging, the internet and social networking sites have made it possible to communicate with a large number of people anywhere on earth. It is an efficient and easy way to keep in touch and impart information, particularly in a time of crisis. The Internet has become an essential communication network during this time. With thousands displaced from their homes and many having fled the disaster zone, people turned to social networking sites to contact friends, post photos and share stories.
Social Media has become a valuable means of communication in many places affected by a natural disaster, which allows people to keep in touch with family and friends and access important information. Social media cannot and should not supersede current approaches to disaster management communication or replace existing infrastructure, but if managed strategically, they can be used to bolster current systems. Now is the time to begin deploying these innovative technologies while developing meaningful metrics of their effectiveness and of the accuracy and usefulness of the information they provide. Social media might well enhance systems of communication, thereby substantially increasing the ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from events that threaten people and infrastructure.
More than 66% of adult online users are now connected to one or more social media platforms. And it’s not just about keeping in touch with friends or following news or interests. As social media continues to play a pervasive role in the way people think, act and react to the world, it’s also changing one of the most crucial ways of actually helping the world: how people respond to emergencies and disaster.
From government agencies and other organizations, to citizens and social platforms themselves, people across the spectrum of social media are leveraging its use to respond to emergencies. According to a 2011 report of the Congressional Research Service, there are two broad categories in the way that we can conceptualize this use of social media: 1) to “somewhat passively” disseminate information and receive user feedback; and 2) to use social media more systematically as an emergency management tool.
But what does that mean, exactly? And how have we seen this emergency response in social media so far? Here’s a look at it from the perspective of government agencies and other organizations.
We don’t have to look far to see recent examples of how large organizational bodies have been using social media for disaster response. As Mashable recently reported, both the Dallas Fort Worth Red Cross and Dallas Fort Worth International Airportused Twitter to share safety tips, give status updates on flights and tweet out specific locations where people could take cover during the recent tornadoes in the area. This reaction by the Dallas authorities falls under both of those broad categories of utilizing social media — not only were they distributing general information, but they were actively using Twitter to warn citizens.
However, “warning” or “alerting” people through social media is still in its infancy, and not everyone does it. During the recent shootout at Oikos University in Oakland, for example, the Oakland Police Department used Twitter to report on the crisis. However, the Oakland Police Department Twitter bio states that its account is not meant to be taken as a substitute for actual emergency or non-emergency responses — in other words, during that emergency, the department was using Twitter to disseminate information, not necessarily as a tool for emergency management.
Other agencies are also explicit in how they expect their users or fans to use their social media accounts. The National Weather Service’s Hurricane Center Facebook page, for example, states the purpose of the page right away in its description:
However, even with the premise of “experimenting” and “exploring,” the fact that the page has more than 125,000 likes suggests something pretty significant: People areinterested in following these large governmental bodies and organizations on social media.
So why might government agencies or other organizations not be ready yet to use social media as a platform for emergency management? Well, even though social media may be common among most people, updating social media accounts, let alone during emergencies and disasters, requires a huge amount of time, effort and understanding of social media. And with74% of social media users expecting response agencies to answer calls for help within an hour, that’s a lot of responding in a very little amount of time. And time is always precious during an emergency.
Still, that’s not to discount social media completely. The Red Cross recently launched a social media monitoring platform — the first of its kind — to not only share safety tips, but to also encourage people to use social tools to better prepare themselves for disaster. And even though the Hurricane Center is not yet using its Facebook page for emergency management, that’s not to say the purpose of the page won’t evolve. As the Hurricane Center stated in a note discussing its standpoint on Facebook, “We’ll see how this works.”
1. CONNECTING WITH LOVED ONES:
Within 24 hours after a disaster happened, people start tagging and posting the names and pictures of missing loved ones. It was an online sounding board to keep everyone updated whether their families, relatives, or friends had survived or not.
2. NOTIFYING THE AUTHORITIES:
Since the recent disasters affected huge areas and there were only a few people with minimal technical assistance during the first few days, social media filled in the information gaps.
3. ORGANIZING RELIEF EFFORTS:
The best way to get information about needed assistance like C130 flights, medical help, and where to give and receive relief goods was through social media.
4. INCREASING PUBLIC AWARENESS:
Everyone helped in keeping tabs. Reports, such as repacking the relief goods from Indonesia with a government bag or with the politicians’ seal on it, were plastered all over the internet.
5. EMPOWERING AND STRESS DEBRIEFING FOR SURVIVORS:
The affected individuals were empowered because they feel that in their own way, they were able to take control of the situation they were in.